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Dalucon Refrigeration Products SA (Pty) Ltd, is proud to include Chicken and Piggery Housing to its product range.

Dalucon offers customized solutions for a variety of applications, including clean rooms, insulated truck bodies, and insulated shelters and containers.

For your chicken and piggery housing needs; no matter how big or small, Dalucon Refrigeration Products SA (Pty) Ltd, can assist you.

From Smaller Chicken House Projects

wall panelling
clean rooms
insulated wall panelling

To Massive Chicken House Projects

cold room panels
cold and freezer rooms
insulated panels

Our Polyurethane panels are injected at high pressure. Various options of panels can be chosen in accordance with your Chicken or Piggery housing custom requirements.

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    insulated panelling

    Dalucon Refrigeration Products SA (Pty) Ltd, can assist you with your project, by manufacturing custom made Chicken or Piggery Housing,

    • Wall panels
    • Roof panels
    • Doors

    Client Satisfaction Through Product Excellence…

    South Africa’s agricultural sector is vital to the nation’s economy, with pig and chicken farming being significant contributors. The country’s climate and resources favour livestock farming, and both pigs and chickens are among the most commonly reared animals. However, the state of pig and chicken farming is influenced by various factors including market demand, biosecurity challenges, and housing standards, which are critical for ensuring productivity, animal welfare, and sustainability.

     

    Pig Farming in South Africa

    Pig farming in South Africa has seen considerable growth over the years. According to the South African Pork Producers’ Organisation (SAPPO), the country produced approximately 260,000 tons of pork in 2022, marking a steady increase from previous years. The pork industry is relatively small compared to beef and poultry but is expanding due to rising demand for pork products.

    Pork production is concentrated in the provinces of Gauteng, North West, and Limpopo, which together account for more than 70% of the total pig population. The industry is characterised by both commercial and smallholder farms, with commercial operations being more technologically advanced and adhering to stringent biosecurity measures.

     

    Chicken Farming in South Africa

    Chicken farming, particularly broiler production, is the largest segment of the South African agricultural sector. The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) reports that the country produces over 1.4 million tons of chicken meat annually. The industry employs around 110,000 people and is a crucial source of affordable protein for the South African population.

    The main regions for chicken farming include KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, and the Western Cape. Like pig farming, the poultry industry comprises both large-scale commercial farms and smaller operations, with the former being highly mechanised and focused on efficiency and biosecurity.

     

    The Importance of Industry Standards for Housing

     

    Housing standards for pigs and chickens are essential for several reasons:

    • Animal Welfare: Proper housing ensures the well-being of the animals, which directly impacts their growth and productivity.
    • Biosecurity: Adequate housing reduces the risk of disease outbreaks, which can devastate livestock populations and cause significant economic losses.
    • Productivity: Efficient housing designs contribute to better feed conversion ratios and overall productivity.
    • Environmental Impact: Housing standards help manage waste and reduce the environmental footprint of farming operations.

     

    Industry Standards for Pig Housing

     

    Space Requirements

    Pigs require sufficient space to move, rest, and exhibit natural behaviours. The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) in South Africa recommends the following space allocations:

    • Weaner pigs (up to 30 kg): 0.3 to 0.5 square meters per pig.
    • Grower pigs (30 to 60 kg): 0.5 to 0.7 square meters per pig.
    • Finisher pigs (60 to 100 kg): 0.7 to 1.0 square meters per pig.
    • Breeding sows: 1.5 to 2.0 square meters per sow.

     

    Ventilation and Temperature Control

    Pigs are sensitive to temperature extremes. Housing must provide adequate ventilation to prevent heat stress and ensure fresh air circulation. Optimal temperatures for different pig categories are:

    • Weaners: 28-32°C
    • Growers: 22-24°C
    • Finishers: 20-22°C
    • Breeding sows: 18-20°C

     

    Flooring and Bedding

    Floors should be non-slip and easy to clean. Slatted floors are common in commercial operations to facilitate waste management. Bedding materials like straw can be used to improve comfort, particularly for sows and piglets.

     

    Industry Standards for Chicken Housing

     

    Space Requirements

    Space allocation for chickens is critical to prevent overcrowding and associated stress. SAPA recommends:

    • Broilers: 0.06 to 0.08 square meters per bird.
    • Layers: 0.08 to 0.1 square meters per bird.

     

    Ventilation and Temperature Control

    Proper ventilation is crucial to remove excess heat, moisture, and ammonia from chicken houses. The ideal temperature ranges are:

    • Day-old chicks: 32-35°C
    • Growers: 24-28°C
    • Layers: 18-22°C

     

    Lighting

    Lighting schedules influence growth rates and laying patterns. Broilers typically require 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness to optimise growth. Layers benefit from 14-16 hours of light to maintain consistent egg production.

     

    Flooring and Bedding

    The floor should be easy to clean and maintain. Litter materials such as wood shavings or straw help absorb moisture and reduce the risk of disease. Regular litter management is essential to maintain a healthy environment.

     

    Biosecurity Measures

    Implementing biosecurity measures is paramount in both pig and chicken farming to prevent the spread of diseases such as African swine fever (ASF) in pigs and avian influenza in chickens. Key measures include:

    • Controlled Access: Limiting access to farm facilities to essential personnel only.
    • Disinfection Protocols: Regular cleaning and disinfection of housing, equipment, and vehicles.
    • Health Monitoring: Routine health checks and vaccination programs to detect and prevent diseases early.
    • Quarantine Procedures: Isolating new or sick animals to prevent the spread of infections.

     

    The state of pig and chicken farming in South Africa highlights the importance of adhering to industry standards for housing and biosecurity. Proper housing not only enhances animal welfare and productivity but also safeguards against disease outbreaks that can have severe economic impacts. As the industry continues to grow, it is essential for farmers to adopt best practices and stay updated with the latest research and technological advancements to ensure sustainable and profitable operations. By doing so, South Africa can continue to meet the increasing demand for pork and poultry products while maintaining high standards of animal welfare and environmental responsibility.

     

    Quarantine Specifications for Piggery and Chicken Housing

    Quarantine measures are essential in poultry and pig farms to avoid the introduction and transmission of illnesses. The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) provides guidance for these specifications, which are designed to adhere to international standards and guarantee biosecurity. Below are the some of the quarantine requirements for chicken and piggery farming facilities in South Africa:

     

    Poultry Units

    To avoid cross-contamination, chicken farming units must have quarantine areas that are far away from the main poultry houses. At least 500 meters should be kept between the isolation areas and other poultry facilities. Poultry that are in quarantine should have their own housing facilities, with controlled entrance points to make sure that only authorised personnel can get in. To avoid cross-contamination, these quarantine units should have dedicated feeding and watering systems.

     

    Piggery Units

    For piggery farming units, the quarantine areas should be at least 1 km away from the main living units for the pigs. Fences or other solid walls should be used to separate the quarantine area from the rest of the farm. Separate, self-contained units called quarantine pens must be built with their own systems for feeding and watering animals. There must also be proper draining systems in place to handle waste and keep animals from getting contaminated.